Some ecologists use the term glide as synonymous with run but, for anglers, a glide is unequivocally a smooth, glassy, slow-water run. On cool, overcast days they may feed throughout the day in the shallows. Over subsurface obstructions, this generates moderate surface turbulence that manifests itself at the surface in the form of 'boils' or standing waves. The Townlands Dam in Clarens is stocked by the Clarens Fly Fishers Club and daytickets may be obtained from Outdoor Extreme. RUNS Riffles occur in straight reaches of a stream where the gradient is less than 4 percent (4 cm/m) and the streambed material is fairly well sorted and more or less of a consistent size. The best dam fishing, however, is in the Stormberg, Winterberg and Somerset East districts where a number of venues offer remarkable opportunities for a true trophy trout. Both types of obstruction deflect the currents and create eddies on the lee side. 2004. Fry and smaller fish, if present, have to seek concealment from a host of predators that include cormorants, kingfishers, frogs, toads and their cannibalistic elders. If, during all this experimentation, you have not caught a fish, do not stay rooted in the same place - move on and try another spot. Stillwaters are fished a lot more than the wild streams in South Africa, and there are a huge variety of techniques that you can use in stillwater systems. The second, or feeding lie, is often of a temporary nature, depending on the timing and availability of food - studies in the USA have found that larger trout may move as far as 30 metres to a feeding lie. From the wooden trout stall selling fresh trout next to the N4 highway in 1974, Millys has grown to be a popular stopover for many tourists and return customers making their way through Mpumalanga. The best areas to target them are in the northern Drakensberg region and the central areas of Lesotho. This type of habitat occurs in rapids where the current velocity is too high for trout to hold for any length of time. Very shallow pools with little or no cover are unproductive. Wind can have a profound effect on your ability to take fish. Troutbagger farm is set in peaceful surroundings on a small farm,between Mount West and Curry’s Post in the Natal Midlands.We have three dams, all with trout and one with trout and bass. Observe and note the overall structure, the presence of irregularities in the topography, rock outcrops, rock piles and small cliffs, points and promontories, the slope of the surrounding land, the extent of the shallows, the position of the old stream channel, the presence and extent of weed beds, drop-offs, wind direction and rippled water. South African dams do not become so cold during winter that insect activity shuts down completely; certain species of mayfly and chironomid still hatch during this period although less prolifically than in the warmer months. Meintjes, Malcolm and Pedder, Murray, Editors 2005-2009. Fishing headwaters will undoubtedly provide you with some of the most pristine, uncluttered small-stream trouting you will ever experience. Because that's where the breeze first touches the water. As the cover types and depth in a pool increase, so does the probability that large trout will be present. It should be clear now why trout are able to hold tight against the bottom or sides of a stream channel, even in fast-flowing streams. The well-known Gubu and Maden Dams are productive fisheries that are controlled by the Amatola Fly Fishing Club (www.amatolaflyfishingclub.co.za) and are accessible to the public. Fly fishing for these fish is the most popular way to catch them in South Africa and there are so many locations in our Country where one could cast a fly at these fish. In the United States, conventional usage has it that only the barrier holding back the water is known as the dam and it is usually named. The rainbow trout is a salmonid species of the oceangoing version called ‘steelhead’ that heads up rivers in wild runs up and down Western North America. Highlander Trout Lodge is a pristine trout farm, cosily nestled in the Hartebeeshoek Valley. You can only get close if your approach is cautious, patient and stealthy or, as H C Cutcliffe (1863) described it some 150 years ago "Keep down close to the mother earth; go on your knees or crawl on your stomach." Start casting to the tail and work your way upstream. These trout prefer the winter months and it’s best to take an array of gear, including two- and five-weight rods, sinking and floating line and an assort… Instead, they prefer to hang around the edges, in the gaps, or just above the top of deeper beds from where they can dart in and seize whatever prey makes its appearance. Portion 34 & 36, Sterkspruit 33JT, Lydenburg, Mpumalanga, South Africa The Brook Trout (Salvelinus fontinalis), also known as the Brook Charr was introduced into South Africa in the early 1900’s and not a lot is known about the distribution or dynamics of species in our Country. Among floating flies, that worldwide favourite, the Parachute Adams, is a top choice. POCKETS He prefers not to fish during summer when trout are sulking deep down. CASCADES The position of this contour in various regions in high summer more or less defines the lower limit of the zone in which trout can survive in streams or dams. The adjoining catchment is that of the Mkhomazi and its main tributaries, the Lotheni and the Mkhomazana, all of which hold brown trout. As a South African angler myself, I’ve been fishing these waters for over 20 years and am excited to share my experiences with you. The Cased Caddis is Dean Riphagen's favourite larval pattern but not many South African anglers seem to be aware of the potential of casemaker caddis as a trout food item. DRAKENSBERG Production costs are generally higher than in Europe due to less favorable economies of scale. Willow Creek Trout and Nature Reserve has 3 self catering holiday cottages. They all originate in quartzitic sandstones of the Peninsula Formation and consequently are low in nutrients. Other ways to browse. Above Rhodes, the Bell already has substantial pools at around 1900 metres elevation. They will wait or patrol within a metre or so from a drop-off until they spot a food item on the shallow side and then nip in to grab it. Stillwaters basically refer to any large body of water that is does not have a flow or a large body of calm water that is not a river. The fish we see in South African waters was originally spawned from a Rainbow hatchery in the 50’s and then later the eggs from this hen, and the hen itself, were used to breed with normal Rainbows to create this species. In a stream, gradient determines water velocity which, in turn, determines the degree of turbulence and hence the amount of oxygen that is dissolved in the water. Both species are cold-water salmonids and, as a result of the higher ambient temperatures in South Africa, they can only survive in montane regions. They are a beautiful fish to catch and to look at, but are more of an anomaly than a hybrid or sub-species. The three major trout regions are the Mpumalanga Highlands, the Drakensberg (including the Maloti Mountains) with Lesotho at its core and the Western Cape Fold Belt. If you do not see any rises, search the shoreline carefully, examining rocks and foraging among the vegetation to see if perhaps there is a migration of dragonflies, damselflies or other creatures into the shallows. Obstacle Course Spider Web. Whatever its size, in any stretch a run is always deeper than a riffle but shallower than a pool - if you cannot classify a channel type as either a riffle or a pool, it is almost invariably a run. Stream fish and fish in dams with a suitable feeder stream will run upstream until they find appropriate spawning sites. If I had to pick one of the more innovative patterns, it would be the Good Doctor's Beetle, developed by Dr Hans van Zyl on the Sterkfontein Dam near Harrismith. STORMBERG, WINTERBERG AND THE AMATHOLES (From the website) Water velocities range from moderately fast to slow but the smooth water surface is the deciding characteristic. The topography of a streambed determines the nature of the stream flow, so, for the purposes of this discussion, I will use the following commonly used classification: With the exception of the Wildebees, Mooi and Little Mooi (Eastern Cape) all streams coming off the main escarpment of the Drakensberg originate in the thick cap of hard, dark Drakensberg lava with its characteristic organ-pipe structure. Leopold's data are for a stream with a fairly uniform bed. If you are fishing imitations of these insects, try to move your fly in the manner and direction which mimics the behaviour of the natural. Now also offering a restaurant, accommodation, and farm stall, the family-owned business still strives to full-fill the Millys legacy. I awoke at 4 like most days here in Africa. Except for the Little Mooi, Mzimkhulu and Ngwangwane, all have fishable sections within the UDP. They are: Presumably, your examination of the shoreline and shallows should have provided some clues as to which trout foods inhabit the dam. The normal tackle that should be used for stillwater Trout is floating, intermediate or sinking line, a 4-6 weight fly rod and 3x to 8x tippet. During a strong wind it can be very uncomfortable and frustrating to fish. It is a well-watered catchment and the source of 90 percent or more of South Africa's trout streams and rivers - too many to list except for the larger ones. This gives rise to the characteristic 'bouncy' surface or 'corrugated water' as Tom Sutcliffe calls it. Like rainbows, they may target all available stages of insects during a hatch or concentrate on one stage only - some fish may be taking rising nymphs, emergers, duns and spinners whereas others may focus on a specific stage. Our challenging coastal fishing from the prized Grunter on fly to the Kingfish of Kosi Bay. The Call of the Stream. Conventional wisdom has it that the eddy below the rock is the prime spot, but many trout prefer to hold in the cushion of water on the upstream side from where they can observe their territory more readily and intercept food that comes drifting by. Visit the websites also of the Queenstown Flyfishers Club or the Bankberg Trout Fishers Club at http://www.qffc.co.za or www.anglerandantelope.co.za respectively for more information. Very few dams in South Africa have feeder streams that allow for natural reproduction and so stocking is the norm. Your workhorse line will be a standard, weight-forward floater but if you intend probing the depths when the fish are down, you will need a repertoire of sinking lines that start with an intermediate clear/camouflage line and may end with a type-five sinking-rate line. Now, considering the average size of the trout taken, increasing numbers of anglers are finding that modern 3- or 4-weight tackle is perfectly adequate. 2005). To class trout as un-South African on its degree of autochthony, as the environment department does, is the same as apportioning or denying authenticity to people on the basis of melanin richness. We invite you to browse the site and consider the list of services and products we currently offer, each of which addresses a specific need we have identified within the industry. During a dry, hot spell the best time to be on the water is at dawn when water temperature is at its lowest. THE BASSES Type the name of the fly and Google images into your computer search engine and you will find all the information you need as well as YouTube videos showing how to tie them. The trout generally take the fly very gently so you have to watch the end of your fly line most intently and tighten immediately you see any movement. TIGERFISH This variety of hydraulic processes gives rise to many different types of pool - these need not be mentioned here except perhaps for the bend pool, the well-known depression scoured on the outside curve of a meander, and the plunge pool, a basin scoured by water dropping vertically over a channel obstruction or nick point, typically in a stretch of fast water. Most often this will be where the water flows over completely submerged obstructions or around partially submerged ones. Outside Machadodorp the Machado Flyfishing Club-Glenshee (glensheesa.webs.com.) In several rivers on the KwaZulu-Natal side, trout appear at around 1600 metres where the gradient may be less than 2 percent on some or more than 3 percent on others. Francois Roux, Frank Abbott and Thornton Abbitt catching monster trout on private ground in Mphumelanga Province near Macharadorp in Winter 2006. The references at the end of this chapter contain a wealth of information on rigging, fishing and specific fly choices in all regions. It is a salmonid-specific disease unlikely to have adverse effects on native fishes in South Africa. A celebration of fly fishing by South Africa's most celebrated fly fisher. Marketable sizes range from 230- to 450-gram plate-size fish and upward. Big trout in pools are inclined to feed less often but to concentrate on larger prey. There is a huge question mark regarding if they do still occur in the region at all. Click the link of the species name to learn more about the fish in question. Help pages. Water and environmental conditions have a big impact on the location and success of rainbow trout operations in South Africa. Fish will often be feeding close to the bank so, if you intend wading, first explore the shallows with a series of short casts before entering the water. The flow is diversified and characterised by the presence of white water. For those periods when trout start targeting minnows, there is such a dazzling array of imitations made largely of synthetics that you can pick one to literally 'match the hatch' in your local water. Not surprisingly, this is usually the most productive stretch of a trout stream because of the abundance and variety of habitat types and food items. Dam trout have the advantage that when they come across prey, they usually do not have to make split-second decisions and can spend significantly more time in assessing it. All … RIFFLES The prevailing water velocity controls the size of the streambed sediment which may range from cobbles to coarse sand. If possible, try to get yourself to a vantage point from where you can look down on the water you intend fishing. For emerging and adult Baetids there is a host of effective generic blue-winged olive patterns and as many or more imitations of caddisflies. Dragonfly and damselfly nymphs inhabit all trout dams locally and are available to the fish for the entire year. The best lie in a pool is considered to be what Ed Herbst calls the 'eye' (a New Zealand term) - the small triangular eddies of quiet water that form at the head of a pool between the main current and the bank. South Africa– Blue Sky Publications (Pty) Ltd T/A TheSouthAfrican Number: 2005/028472/07. They generally feed more actively in late afternoon or early evening but when the weather is cool and overcast, they will also feed during the day. Set in Dullstroom, in the Mpumalanga Highlands, this spot offers the best river and still water fishing experience for fly fishing adventures. MPUMALANGA HIGHLANDS South African trout waters are small by international standards, more streams than rivers, yet the average size of the trout caught is still fairly large. We offer synergy of comfort, sophistication, luxury, simplicity and relaxation as well as exciting and rewarding fishing. Sutcliffe, T. 2009. For fishing headwaters in South Africa, a modern 3-weight outfit is probably the heaviest you'll ever need. They may be too shallow or devoid of cover, in which case trout will only move into them for a brief feeding spell when the occasion warrants, such as during a hatch. The reach below Happy Valley is state property for which CapeNature issues permits. A concise overview of the nature of flowing water, the development of stream channel features and the many geological processes that affect the way we fish moving water. Monster Trout in Africa 24 November, 2015 Categories: Uncategorized Today was our last fishing day in Lesotho and to say it went well is an understatement. Most anglers are aware of the fact that water flows at different speeds in different parts of a stream, but the very low velocity along the bed and the magnitude of the difference between slowest and fastest flow comes as a considerable surprise. This is traditionally the domain of the biggest fish. Stillwater Trout in South Africa. Locally, there is really only one contender - Tom Sutcliffe's DDD. In low light, however, some of the largest fish in the pool often position themselves in the tail-out - an area that seemed fishless during the day, comes alive at dusk. Hunting Trout. The Brown (Salmo trutta) was the first of the Trout species to be introduced into South Africa and thrives quite well, especially in the Dullstroom, Lydenburg, Drakensberg and Western Cape waters, where the water and air temperature is slightly cooler than the rest of the Country. Yellowfish on the Vaal and Orange river system as well as the gin-clear Sterkfontein Dam. Dullstroom Accommodation. Rainbow trout followed soon after and were introduced throughout many freshwater lakes and rivers in South Africa. Address: Regus Business Centre 1st Floor, Block B, North Park, Black River Park, 2 Fir … The Brook Trout (Salvelinus fontinalis), also known as the Brook Charr was introduced into South Africa in the early 1900’s and not a lot is known about the distribution or dynamics of species in our Country. Low-gradient riffles are portions of the stream channel where water velocities are moderate but more or less uniform, water depths are relatively shallow (from say 10 centimetres to a metre or more) and the substrates are typically gravel and/or cobble. This is the time for a long leader, a wispy tippet, #18 to 22 spinner imitations and stealthy casts. This means that if you want to tempt a large fish you have to present it with a fly of the appropriate size and behaviour in the place where it normally encounters its prey, and that is almost invariably on the bottom. South African trout producers are typically s mall, family-owned operations, with only a handful of the 47 op erational farms . Farther afield, the Kwaai River near Plettenberg Bay, and the Dorps River near Prince Albert also harbour brown trout. They prefer cool to cold oxygenated water, optimally between 13° C and 16° C. The critical thermal maximum (CTM) temperature they can tolerate is between 24° C and 26° C but scientists have found that this depends on the strain of the fish, its temperature history and its life stage - they have found rainbow trout that survived temperatures of almost 30° C. Rainbows in South Africa feed on essentially the same types of prey as elsewhere in the world: aquatic insects include mayflies, caddisflies, midges, dragonflies and damselflies, and terrestrial insects are represented largely by ants, beetles and grasshoppers. The impounded water behind it is referred to as a lake and generally has a different name. There are many venues in the region that provide excellent dam fishing for trout, some on a day ticket basis. The combination of depth and velocity in this part of the pool usually means it has to be fished with a weighted nymph pattern, a wet fly or streamer. Whitefish Press. For an adult imitation look no further than the Elk-hair Caddis or the CDC-bodied equivalents. The Rainbow Trout can grow in excess of 20 kilograms, however in South Africa fish up to 8 kilograms have been recorded in stocked venues and fish tipping the scales close to 6 kilograms have been taken from the Eastern Cape rivers and streams. A decade ago, a 5-weight outfit would have been considered the norm for fishing the middle reaches. On many a mild sunny winter's day temperatures may rise sufficiently to stimulate insect activity and to entice the fish into feeding. This luxury lodge, encircled by magnificent mountains, offers excellent fishing and other outdoor activities. Western Cape anglers are partial to flea-weight outfits (from 2-weight down) and because you are fishing very close in, Ed Herbst recommends that you overline your rod by one line weight to compensate for the shorter casts. In exposed places, stand well back and cast onto the bank, letting only the leader and flies fall on the surface or, alternatively, cast across boulders to reach a sweet spot. If possible, stay out of the water but if you have to wade, do so slowly and cautiously. Apply Filters. RUNS The Golden Trout is actually a sub-species of Rainbow Trout native to California in the United States Of America. Many of these venues will have access to, or are close enough to, fishable waters. They offer you so much more mobility and versatility they could be considered mandatory for the serious dam trout angler. Getaway Guide to Fly-fishing in South Africa. This calls for short casts or even dapping with a bushy, high-floating, easily-visible dry fly. This is not an easy place to fish though, and for this reason many fly fishers avoid it. Pocket water is not confined to headwaters. A gentle breeze, on the other hand, brings on a ripple which oxygenates the water, masks near-surface fish and concentrates food - the seam between rippled and smooth water, in particular, is a choice feeding place. South Africa, and Lesotho, have excellent brown trout streams. Trout are sold in a variety of forms, including whole gilled and gutted fish, smoked fish and fillets, as well as live fish for supplying the sport fishery sector. The local club, the Haenertsberg Trout Association (www.htatrout.co.za), controls a stretch of the Helpmekaar, but it is open only to members. In certain respects, each body of water is unique and having local knowledge of it is a valuable asset. Stackpole Books. To fish the Witels from Happy Valley upwards, you must obtain a permit issued by the University of Cape Town Mountain and Ski Club. The sources of the Bell, Sterk, Langkloof, Diep and Karringmelk tributaries of the Kraai River lie immediately to the west but on the opposite side of the Great Escarpment and so their waters spill into the Orange River. Hier sollte eine Beschreibung angezeigt werden, diese Seite lässt dies jedoch nicht zu. The hatchery has been operating for more than 50 years and supplying some of South Africa’s best quality trout to fishing venues. To save you trawling through pages of Google hits, we’ve compiled a list of 48 fantastic – and some lesser known – fishing spots in South Africa. They grow bigger because there is more food available and they do not expend energy in holding station against the current as stream fish do. Don’t forget to have a look at the top 10 trout flies for South African fly fishing. Failing this you may try dropping a very heavily weighted nymph or team of nymphs, Czech-style, into the pocket. Dennis, N. 2004. Security Incidents. It is not surprising, therefore, that their imitations are the most widely used, especially if one includes the ubiquitous Woolly Bugger which is probably often mistaken by trout for a dragonfly or damselfly nymph. In spring, increasing temperatures accelerate trout metabolism as well as that of the organisms upon which they prey. Colonists introduced rainbow trout and brown trout to South African waters towards the end of the nineteenth century, in keeping with the Victorian custom of transferring British species to the far-flung corners of the Empire. RAPIDS The fastest water in a pool is where it rushes in at the head but, provided the force of the water is broken by ledges, boulders or other irregularities, fish can find a comfortable lie here. A zone of turbulence can also form where two dissimilar currents meet, even in fairly slow water. English. Look for a pool that is deeper and wider than the average width of the stream with sheltering holds for trout. High ropes in the trees (Qualified paramedic and high rope instructor) Trout fishing (Instructor) Carp … Although weed beds in dams fulfil the same function as riffles in a stream, trout generally do not seem to like rooting around inside them. Understanding how and why trout utilise such areas can significantly enhance the angler's chances of locating fish and then catching them. All Categories 231; Business-to-Business 3; Electronics 1; Home & Garden 1; Property 209; Services 1; Sports & Leisure 16; Location South Africa. The fish may take throughout the day but if there is a peak of insect activity, commonly in the late afternoon or towards dusk, that is the prime time to be on the water. MAGOEBASKLOOF By the time South African streams reach the low-gradient stretches they may carry many riffles, runs and pools but, without exception, they are too warm in summer to sustain trout permanently. A good place to fish when the wind starts blowing is the leeward shore where the insects first contact the water. They occur naturally throughout Europe and western Asia, but they have been translocated to all the continents except Antarctica. After entering the water, make a short cast parallel to the bank, retrieve your fly and make successive casts in a fan-like pattern until you are parallel to the bank on your other side. Sizes 12 to18 should cover the range of subsurface patterns and you may fish them in tandem with other patterns on a two fly rig and with or without bead heads. The major difference is that whereas trout in streams utilise the currents to bring their food to them, their stillwater brethren have to sally forth and actively hunt for food whenever they want to eat. Ask us about local attractions, such as the walking trails, quad biking, and off-road motorcycle tracks close by! The great thing about Dullstroom is that there really is … Incidentally, this same study also showed that, all things being equal, a big brown would choose the widest pool available. Rods of 2.7 metres or longer are the preferred choice as they keep the line high, particularly when fishing from a flotation craft. The Garden Route is so-known for its verdant and varied vegetation and it gives easy access to a number of sublime beaches, dense mountain fo… Trout started reaching the South African food market in noticeable volumes by the mid-seventies. Low-gradient stream: slope less than 0.5 percent. Researchers in the USA have found that your chances of locating a large brown trout in a pool increase enormously if that pool is at least 90 centimetres deep, contains woody debris (fallen trees, log jams), in-stream rocks or rock piles, and overhead bank cover (overhanging banks and/or overhanging vegetation). The beautiful Rainbow (Oncorhynchus mykiss) is what many people picture when someone says “Fish” or “Trout”. TACKLE By the nature of things, beetles, grasshoppers, termites, moths and the like, fall on the surface of all bodies of water but, on some dams, wind-dispersed terrestrials can reach significant proportions and form an important component of trout diet. So, if you plan to fish the Elandspad, Smalblaar, Holsloot, Witte and/or Jan Dutoits, then wend your way to the Cape Piscatorial Society (CPS) (www.piscator.co.za) offices where you can apply for a day ticket and obtain the latest information on the state of the rivers, licences, permits and so on. The smoother surface of a run makes it easier to see the bottom provided the water is clear enough and not too deep. 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